Allele Frequency Net Database
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Populations » HLA World Map

Gold, Silver and Bronze classification criteria are described in Santos, McCabe, Gonzalez-Galarzac, Jones, Middleton (2015). The description of these categories is also given here.
For an overview map, showing the countries which are covered by AFND data, and a list of countries not covered, please click here.


To display demographic information please click on the population of interest (icon inside the map) and then click on the population name, or select a specific Geographic Region from the table listed below to display all HLA populations in that particular region.
Tip: Use the left menu to zoom in or zoom out for a best view of the populations.
HLA populations Gold    Silver    Bronze   


Number of Loci Typed

Region Gold Silver Bronze Total
Australia16 7 5 28
Central Asia0 0 0 0
Europe354 140 457 951
North Africa42 13 47 102
North America313 297 166 776
North-East Asia136 89 133 358
Oceania103 56 16 175
South and Central America164 235 285 684
South Asia85 35 77 197
South-East Asia353 66 194 613
Sub-Saharan Africa101 37 68 206
Western Asia137 31 119 287
1,804 1,006 1,567 4,377


Allele frequency net database (AFND) 2020 update: gold-standard data classification, open access genotype data and new query tools
Gonzalez-Galarza FF, McCabe A, Santos EJ, Jones J, Takeshita LY, Ortega-Rivera ND, Del Cid-Pavon GM, Ramsbottom K, Ghattaoraya GS, Alfirevic A, Middleton D and Jones AR Nucleic Acid Research 2020, 48:D783-8.
Liverpool, U.K.

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