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USA Arizona Gila River Amerindian

Polymorphic Region:

Demographic Data

  Ethnic origin: Amerindian
  Geographic Region: North America
  Latitude: 33º 4' N
  Longitude: 111º 44' W
  Family: Parents live at same location
  Urban/Rural: Urban and Rural

Sample Data

  Sample Size: 492 (A = 233, B = 218, C = 169, DQA1 = 217, DQB1 = 217, DRB1 = 321)
  Test date: 2008
  Method(s): SSP
  Source: Anthropology Study
  Loci typed: A, B, C, DQA1, DQB1, DRB1
  Additional notes: Individuals typed per locus A(n=233), B(n=218), C(n=169), DRB1(n=321), DQA1(n=217), DQB1(n=217)

Bibliographic Reference

 Publication details:R. Williams, Y.-F. Chen, R. Endres, D. Middleton, M. Trucco, J. Dunn Williams and W. Knowler Molecular variation at the HLA-A, B, C, DRB1, DQA1, and DQB1 loci in full heritage American Indians in Arizona: private haplotypes and their evolution. Tissue Antigens 2009 74 (6): 520-533
  Author's e-mail:

Frequency Data

Allele Frequencies  


Allele frequency net 2015 update: new features for HLA epitopes, KIR and disease and HLA adverse drug reaction associations.
Gonzalez-Galarza FF, Takeshita LY, Santos EJ, Kempson F, Maia MH, Silva AL, Silva AL, Ghattaoraya GS, Alfirevic A, Jones AR and Middleton D Nucleic Acid Research 2015, 39, 28, D784-8.
Liverpool, U.K.

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