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USA Springfield Puerto Rican KIR

Polymorphic Region:

Demographic Data

  Ethnic origin: Hispanic
  Geographic Region: North America
  Latitude: 42º 6' N
  Longitude: 72º 32' W
  Family: Grandparents live at same location
  Urban/Rural: Urban

Sample Data

  Sample Size: 74
  Test date: 2005
  Method(s): SSP
  Source: Controls for Disease Study
  Loci typed:
  Additional notes: Individuals living in USA but all four grandparents originated from Puerto Rico.

Bibliographic Reference

 Publication details:Joaquin Zuniga, Viviana Romero, Jose Azocar, Joel N.H. Stern, Olga Clavijo, Ingrid Almeciga, Liliana Encinales, Angel Avendano, Masha Fridkis-Hareli, Janardan P. Pandey, and Edmond J. Yunis Interaction of KIR Genes and G1M Immunoglobulin Allotypes Confer Susceptibility to Type 2 Diabetes in Puerto Rican Americans. Human Immunology 2006 67: 907-914
  Author's e-mail:

Frequency Data

Allele Frequencies  


Allele frequency net 2015 update: new features for HLA epitopes, KIR and disease and HLA adverse drug reaction associations.
Gonzalez-Galarza FF, Takeshita LY, Santos EJ, Kempson F, Maia MH, Silva AL, Silva AL, Ghattaoraya GS, Alfirevic A, Jones AR and Middleton D Nucleic Acid Research 2015, 39, 28, D784-8.
Liverpool, U.K.

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